A special, interesting and very demanding object was carried out by the Greek frogmen of the Navy’s Underwater Disaster Management (PN). In particular, in collaboration with a German submarine within the framework of joint exercises and joint trainings of NATO members, the submarine disaster team of the Turkish Armed Forces carried out all the required technical and tactical processes in order to use a type “212” submarine of the German Navy as a platform to transport a special operations team close to area of interest.
Submarines are a traditional means of use for invisible and invisible infiltration in cooperation with frogmen. At the tactical level, frogmen use the submarine as the primary means of transportation to get close to the target and then exit it using various means, either underwater (closed-circuit underwater course, underwater vehicles) or on the surface using a boat
Hence, with the above tactic the frogmen can get close to the target in complete obscurity and accomplish their mission whether it is unorthodox warfare, target attack, sabotage or intelligence gathering and targeting.
In recent years, the frogmen of the Navy’s Submarine Disaster Management have particularly developed this item in close cooperation with the Navy’s Fleet Headquarters’ Submarine Command. With the initiatives of the current leadership of the PN and the Chiefs of General Staff Vice-Admiral Stylianos Petrakis PN as well as the Chief of the Fleet Vice-Admiral Panagiotis Lymberis PN constant efforts are being made so that the DYK is upgraded with a multitude of new materials and operational means of infiltration and escape.
Operational utilization of Type “214” submarines and Special Operations by the DYK
The technological superiority of the 214 submarines lies in the silent design, the modern means of detection as well as the increased radius of action, allowing the undertaking of these missions for longer periods of time and with a comparatively greater advantage over its possible adversaries. In addition, the use of anaerobic propulsion enables the submarine to be deployed in advanced areas controlled by the adversary, without increasing the risk of exposure, as in the case of a Type 209 submarine. The Type 214 submarine can also carry out minelaying operations and undertake special operations support missions, as long as it has the corresponding systems and the required equipment.
The anaerobic propulsion system allows electrical power to be supplied to the submarine to charge the battery while diving in complete obscurity and completely silently. Therefore, for a sufficient period of time (beyond ten days), release the submarine (Y/B) from the requirement to carry out the “rebreather” procedure, i.e. charging the battery with the main engines running. This capability gives the U/B a great tactical advantage since the “snorkel” execution is the “Achilles heel” of conventional U/Bs, since during its duration it becomes particularly vulnerable as it requires the exposure of tissues above the surface of the sea, it increases its electromagnetic, thermal and acoustic footprint, while at the same time decreasing its detection capabilities.
Submarine missions include transporting groups of frogmen and infiltrating by dropping frogmen near the target. As mentioned above, the Y/B 214 have key capabilities due to their state-of-the-art navigation and silent navigation systems that allow them to move around ships equipped with modern sonar or areas monitored by anti-submarine warfare aerial means. Subsequently, after the penetration, the underwater destroyers are released either from the torpedo tubes or from another special area that, under emergency conditions, acts as a means of escape for the submarine’s crew (preferred in the main).
The submarine can remain hidden waiting for the frogmen to carry out their mission and then leave the area of interest.